Method `|()

Method `|

mixed `|(mixed arg1)
mixed `|(mixed arg1, mixed arg2, mixed ... extras)
mixed `|(object arg1, mixed arg2)
mixed `|(mixed arg1, object arg2)
int `|(int arg1, int arg2)
string `|(string arg1, string arg2)
array `|(array arg1, array arg2)
mapping `|(mapping arg1, mapping arg2)
multiset `|(multiset arg1, multiset arg2)
type `|(program|type arg1, program|type arg2)


Bitwise or/union.

Every expression with the | operator becomes a call to this function, i.e. a|b is the same as predef::`|(a,b).


If there's a single argument, that argument is returned.

If there are more than two arguments, the result is: `|(`|(arg1arg2), @extras).

Otherwise, if arg1 is an object with an lfun::`|(), that function is called with arg2 as argument, and its result is returned.

Otherwise, if arg2 is an object with an lfun::``|(), that function is called with arg1 as argument, and its result is returned.

Otherwise the result depends on the argument types:

arg1 can have any of the following types:

Bitwise or of arg1 and arg2.


UNDEFINED may be or:ed with multisets, behaving as if it was an empty multiset.


The result is a string where each character is the bitwise or of the characters in the same position in arg1 and arg2. The arguments must be strings of the same length.


The result is an array with the elements in arg1 concatenated with those in arg2 that doesn't occur in arg1 (according to `>, `<, `==). The order between the elements that come from the same argument is kept.

Every element in arg1 is only matched once against an element in arg2, so if arg2 contains several elements that are equal to each other and are more than their counterparts in arg1, the rightmost remaining elements in arg2 are kept.


The result is like arg1 but extended with the entries from arg2. If the same index (according to hash_value and `==) occur in both, the value from arg2 is used.


The result is like arg1 but extended with the entries in arg2 that don't already occur in arg1 (according to `>, `< and `==). Subsequences with orderwise equal entries (i.e. where `< returns false) are handled just like the array case above.


Type union of arg1 and arg2.

The function is not destructive on the arguments - the result is always a new instance.


If this operator is used with arrays or multisets containing objects which implement lfun::`==() but not lfun::`>() and lfun::`<(), the result will be undefined.

The treatment of UNDEFINED with multisets was new in Pike 8.1.

See also

`&(), lfun::`|(), lfun::``|()