- Method glAccum
The accumulation buffer is an extended-range color buffer. Images are not rendered into it. Rather, images rendered into one of the color buffers are added to the contents of the accumulation buffer after rendering. Effects such as antialiasing (of points, lines, and polygons), motion blur, and depth of field can be created by accumulating images generated with different transformation matrices.
Each pixel in the accumulation buffer consists of red, green, blue, and alpha values. The number of bits per component in the accumulation buffer depends on the implementation. You can examine this number by calling
glGetIntegervfour times, with arguments GL_ACCUM_RED_BITS, GL_ACCUM_GREEN_BITS, GL_ACCUM_BLUE_BITS, and GL_ACCUM_ALPHA_BITS. Regardless of the number of bits per component, the range of values stored by each component is [-1, 1]. The accumulation buffer pixels are mapped one-to-one with frame buffer pixels.
glAccum operates on the accumulation buffer. The first argument, op, is a symbolic constant that selects an accumulation buffer operation. The second argument, value, is a floating-point value to be used in that operation. Five operations are specified: GL_ACCUM, GL_LOAD, GL_ADD, GL_MULT, and GL_RETURN.
All accumulation buffer operations are limited to the area of the current scissor box and applied identically to the red, green, blue, and alpha components of each pixel. If a glAccum operation results in a value outside the range [-1, 1], the contents of an accumulation buffer pixel component are undefined.
The operations are as follows:
GL_ACCUM Obtains R, G, B, and A values from the buffer currently selected for reading (see glReadBuffer). Each component value is divided by 2n1, where n is the number of bits allocated to each color component in the currently selected buffer. The result is a floating-point value in the range [0, 1], which is multiplied by value and added to the corresponding pixel component in the accumulation buffer, thereby updating the accumulation buffer. GL_LOAD Similar to GL_ACCUM, except that the current value in the accumulation buffer is not used in the calculation of the new value. That is, the R, G, B, and A values from the currently selected buffer are divided by 2n1, multiplied by value, and then stored in the corresponding accumulation buffer cell, overwriting the current value. GL_ADD Adds value to each R, G, B, and A in the accumulation buffer. GL_MULT Multiplies each R, G, B, and A in the accumulation buffer by value and returns the scaled component to its corresponding accumulation buffer location. GL_RETURN Transfers accumulation buffer values to the color buffer or buffers currently selected for writing. Each R, G, B, and A component is multiplied by value, then multiplied by 2n1, clamped to the range [0, 2n1 ], and stored in the corresponding display buffer cell. The only fragment operations that are applied to this transfer are pixel ownership, scissor, dithering, and color writemasks.
Specifies a floating-point value used in the accumulation buffer operation. op determines how value is used.
GL_INVALID_ENUM is generated if op is not an accepted value.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION is generated if there is no accumulation buffer.