Network Working Group
Request for Comments #365
NIC # 10607
David Walden
Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.
July 11, 1972


Dear TIP Users,

     You will shortly be sent a revised version of the "TIP User's
Guide."  Besides now having a loose leaf format, mainly descriptions
of new commands have been added.  Appendix B will be an alphabetical
list of all TIP commands.  The new commands are:


The MAG commands are, of course, not relevant to users of TIPs without

the magnetic tape option.

     A TIP system including the above commands has been in operation
since late June.  We think this system is a substantial improvement
over previous versions.
     In case you've not been keeping track, there are now eleven TIPs
in the ARPA Network.  These are ETAC, GWC, AMES, ARPA, MITRE, NBS,
BBN, USC, NOAA, ROME, and SAAC.  Also, a TIP will soon be installed at

I'll now briefly discuss a number of topics I think may be

interesting to you.

     Getting TIP status information.  As we develop new features for
the TIP and fix bugs, we are continually releasing new versions of the
TIP program.  We do this by just reloading your TIP when you're not
looking (i.e., when no one is using your TIP).  In the future we will
notify you whenever a new version of the TIP program is loaded into
your TIP by adding a tiny "status message" to the "HELLO" you get when
you "log onto" the TIP.  This status message will usually be merely
the TIP's version number; however, occasionally the message will
indicate (by typing "NEWS") that there is some news about the TIP's
status which you should read before continuing your session with the
TIP.  The NEWS can be retrieved by typing the command @NEWS which will
ICP to a special socket at BBN's TENEX or PDP-1D which will print the
news.  Of course, either of these systems may sometimes be down, but
we won't worry about the problem until we see how serious it is.

     To whom to complain or make suggestions.  Many of you have had
occasion to complain about the operation of your TIP system or to make
suggestions for its improvement.  All too frequently, however, these
complaints have been directed to the Host system you are using from
the TIP instead of to us.  BBN maintains a Network Control Center
which is always manned.  Its telephone number is 617-661-0100.  All
TIP problems should be reported immediately to the Network Control
Center.  If you have a suggestion for a new command, or if you think
you've found a subtle bug in the TIP program, ask to talk to Dave
Walden or Bernie Cosell when you call the Network Control Center.

     Device buffers. In general, each TIP MLC port has a different
size buffer allocated to it and therefore to the device connected to
the port.  Devices which operate at higher speeds, of course, require
larger buffers, especially output buffers.  If you need more buffering
than you have (frequently indicated by output coming in short bursts),
try to arrange with whomever is locally responsible for the TIP you're
using to come in through a port with a larger buffer allocation.  If
necessary, this person can arrange with us to specially tailor the
buffer allocation for your TIP.
     There are presently only about 2500 characters of buffers
available for the TIPs terminal devices.  Since each device has an
input buffer and two output buffers (output is double buffered), each
of the 63 devices has available an average of about 13 charac- ters
for input and 13 characters for each output buffer.  Since there is
continual pressure for new features in the TIP and for old features to
work more conveniently, the space available for device buffers is
steadily decreasing.  There seem to be two ways to increase the space
available for device buffers; the first is to get more core memory;
the second is to modularize the program so that unneeded features can
be removed from particular sites.  For instance, the 2741 code and
character conversion tables might be removed from a site at which they
were never used.  You always have the option of getting more core for
your TIP; we are presently working on the latter method and should
have it ready in a few months.  In the mean time, the space available
for device buffers will probably continue to slowly diminish.

The nominal (untailored) buffer sizes are presently about as


     device    input (characters)    output (characters/buffer)
      1-3              60                        56
      4-7              28                        27
      8-15             20                        20
     16-32             12                        13
     33-63              6                         6

     Echoing. The TIP's echoing capability has been a controversial
item in the past.  We have recently fixed it up a little and we think
that if you try it now, you'll like it a lot better.  Unfortunately,
"@@" is still not echoed correctly very often; this is a bug and we
are going to fix it, but it's hairy to fix.

     We will shortly be removing three of the ECHO commands (ECHO ALL,
ECHO HALFDUPLEX, and ECHO NONE) and be slightly changing the meaning
of the two other ECHO commands (ECHO REMOTE and ECHO LOCAL).  We will
also add two new ECHO commands (PHYSICAL HALFDUPLEX and PHYSICAL
FULLDUPLEX.) Thus the new set of ECHO commands will be:


The ECHO LOCAL and ECHO REMOTE commands will probably be ignored for physical halfduplex devices. Therefore, for physical full- duplex devices, ECHO LOCAL and ECHO REMOTE will have the effect of declaring the device to be virtual halfduplex or virtual full- duplex. Devices which are known to be physical halfduplex (e.g., IBM 2741's) will come up in physical halfduplex mode. All other devices will come up in physical fullduplex mode and local echo mode (i.e., virtual halfduplex mode). Whenever a connection is opened, the TIP will automatically send off the current virtual echo mode to the server. Whenever a ECHO LOCAL or ECHO REMOTE command is given, the virtual mode will be appropriately updated and forwarded to the server. When the Telnet ECHO (code 132) (=virtual fullduplex) or Telnet NO ECHO (code 131) (=virtual half- duplex) characters are received by the TIP, it will follow the following rules:

ECHO received and

          TIP is physical halfduplex -- NO ECHO  sent to server
          TIP is virtual halfduplex  -- ECHO sent to server and
                                        mode changed to virtual
          TIP is virtual fullduplex  -- nothing

NO ECHO received and

          TIP is physical halfduplex -- nothing
          TIP is virtual halfduplex  -- nothing
          TIP is virtual fullduplex  -- NO ECHO sent to server and
                                        mode changed to virtual

When a connection is broken, devices in physical fullduplex mode will

be reset to virtual halfduplex mode.

     Some other command changes we are planning to make.

1.  PROTOCOL TO LOGIN will be removed.  It has been replaced by
2.  LOGIN will take a parameter, the Host number, so it will not
    be necessary to give both HOST and LOGIN commands.

     Some things which we are presently doing.

1.  When a terminal hangs up, any captured devices will be given
2.  Output to high speed devices will be possible.
3.  Data sets will automatically be hung up when the caller
    disconnects even though the caller never "logged in".
4.  202C modems will work.
5.  Major improvements on the magnetic tape option.
6.  Trying to find the "R half" of the "R T CLOSED" message.
7.  We have received numerous complaints that the TIP once in a
    while loses an allocate.  We will fix this or else demonstrate
    it's not the TIP's fault.

     Some things we are thinking about.

1. Adding a lower case capability for Model 33 Teletypes.
2. Adding a mechanism so the TIP's status or a device's status

(e.g., its device number) can be obtained by the user.

     Each of the above mentioned changes will be preceded by
notification via the NEWS and we plan to issue frequent updates to the
TIP User's Guide from now on.

     We are trying hard to improve the TIP.  If you've got a
suggestion (especially if it doesn't take any memory), let me hear
from you.


< signed "Dave" >

David C. Walden
Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc.

                          July 11, 1972
       [ This RFC was put into machine readable form for entry ]
       [ into the online RFC archives by BBN Corp. under the   ]
       [ direction of Alex McKenzie.                      1/97 ]