Network Working Group
Request for Comments: 3106
Obsoletes: 2706
Category: Informational
D. Eastlake
T. Goldstein
April 2001

ECML v1.1: Field Specifications for E-Commerce

Status of this Memo

This memo provides information for the Internet community. It does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

Copyright © The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.

IESG Note:

This document specifies version 1.1 of ECML and obsoletes RFC 2706 which specifies version 1.0 of ECML. Both version 1.0 and 1.1 of ECML are products of the ECML alliance which is described in section 1.1 of this document. The reader should note that version 2.0 of ECML is under development (as of the publication of this RFC) in the IETF in the TRADE Working Group.


Customers are frequently required to enter substantial amounts of information at an Internet merchant site in order to complete a purchase or other transaction, especially the first time they go there. A standard set of information fields is defined as the first version of an Electronic Commerce Modeling Language (ECML) so that this task can be more easily automated, for example by wallet software that could fill in fields. Even for the manual data entry case, customers will be less confused by varying merchant sites if a substantial number adopt these standard fields. In addition, some fields are defined for merchant to consumer communication.


The following persons, in alphabetic order, contributed substantially to the material herein:

George Burne
Joe Coco
Jon Parsons
James Salsman
David Shepherd
Kevin Weller

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction..................................................  2
   1.1 The ECML Alliance............................................  3
   1.2 Relationship to Other Standards..............................  4
   1.3 Areas Deferred to Future Versions............................  4
   2. Field Definitions and DTD.....................................  4
   2.1 Field List and Descriptions..................................  4
   2.1.1 Field List.................................................  5
   2.1.2 Field Foot Notes...........................................  7
   2.2 Use in HTML.................................................. 10
   2.3 An ECML 1.1 XML DTD.......................................... 11
   3. Using The Fields.............................................. 13
   3.1 Presentation of the Fields................................... 13
   3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields....................... 14
   3.3  HTML Example................................................ 14
   4. Security and Privacy Considerations........................... 16
   References....................................................... 16
   Appendix: Changes from ECML 1.0.................................. 18
   Authors' Addresses............................................... 19
   Full Copyright Statement......................................... 20

1. Introduction

Today, numerous merchants are successfully conducting business on the Internet using HTML-based forms. The data formats used in these forms vary considerably from one merchant to another. End-users find the diversity confusing and the process of manually filling in these forms to be tedious. The result is that many merchant forms, reportedly around two thirds, are abandoned during the fill in process.

Software tools called electronic wallets can help this situation. A digital wallet is an application or service that assists consumers in conducting online transactions by allowing them to store billing, shipping, payment, and preference information and to use this information to automatically complete merchant interactions. This greatly simplifies the check-out process and minimizes the need for a consumer to think about and complete a merchant's form every time. Digital wallets that fill forms have been successfully built into browsers, as proxy servers, as helper applications to browsers, as stand-alone applications, as browser plug-ins, and as server-based applications. But the proliferation of electronic wallets has been hampered by the lack of standards.

ECML (Electronic Commerce Modeling Language, <>) provides a set of simple guidelines for web merchants that will enable electronic wallets from multiple vendors to fill in their web forms. The end-result is that more consumers will find shopping on the web to be easy and compelling.

Version 1.1 has been enhanced over Version 1.0 [RFC 2706] as described in the appendix to this document. These enhancements include support for communication from the merchant to the wallet. This information can be used by the wallet to present transaction information and possibly signed receipts. The format of the signatures for receipts is not specified in this document.

Multiple wallets and multiple merchants interoperably support ECML. This is an open standard. ECML is designed to be simple. Neither Version 1.0 nor Version 1.1 of the project add new technology to the web. A merchant can adopt ECML and gain the support of these multiple Wallets by making very simple changes to their site. Use of ECML requires no license.

1.1 The ECML Alliance

The set of fields documented herein was developed by the ECML Alliance ( which now includes, in alphabetic order, the fifteen Steering Committee members listed below and numerous General Members some of whom are listed on the ECML web site.

             1. American Express (>
             2. AOL (
             3. Brodia (
             4. Compaq (
             5. CyberCash (
             6. Discover (
             7. FSTC (
             8. IBM (
             9. Mastercard (
            10. Microsoft (
            11. Novell (>
            12. SETCo (
            13. Sun Microsystems (
            14. Trintech (>
            15. Visa International (

1.2 Relationship to Other Standards

The ECML fields were initially derived from and are consistent with the W3C P3P base data schema at


ECML Version 1.1 is not a replacement or alternative to SSL/TLS [RFC 2246], SET [SET], XML [XML], or IOTP [RFC 2801]. These are important standards that provide functionality such as non-repudiatable transactions, automatable payment scheme selection, and smart card support.

ECML may be used with any payment mechanism. It simply allows a merchant to publish consistent simple web forms. Information on the use of the ECML fields with W3C P3P protocol is available at <> which also includes some proposed extension fields. These extension fields may be included in a future version of ECML.

1.3 Areas Deferred to Future Versions

Considerations for business purchasing cards, non-card payment mechanisms, wallet activation, privacy related mechanisms, additional payment mechanisms, currency exchange, and any sort of "negotiation" were among the areas deferred to consideration in future versions. Hidden or other special fields were minimized.

2. Field Definitions and DTD

The ECML Standard is primarily the definition and naming of fields. These fields can be encoded in a variety of syntaxes and protocols.

Section 2.1 below lists and describes the fields, Section 2.2 gives additional notes on HTML usage of the fields, and Section 2.3 provides an XML DTD for use with the fields.

2.1 Field List and Descriptions

The fields are listed below along with the minimum data entry size to allow. Note that these fields are hierarchically organized as indicated by the embedded underscore ("_") characters. Appropriate data transmission mechanisms may use this to request and send aggregates, such as Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate to encompass all the date components or Ecom_ShipTo to encompass all the ship to components that the consumer is willing to provide. The labeling, marshalling, unmarshalling of the components of such aggregates depends on the data transfer protocol used.

2.1.1 Field List

IMPORTANT NOTE: "MIN" in the table below is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO

ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY. It is NOT the minimum size for valid contents of the field and merchant software should, in most cases, be prepared to receive a longer or shorter value. Merchant dealing with areas where, for example, the state/province name or phone number is longer than the "Min" given below must obviously permit longer data entry. In some cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes sense and where this is the case, it is documented in a Note for the field.

The following fields are used to communicate from the customer to the merchant:

   FIELD                       NAME                         Min  Notes

ship to title             Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Prefix       4  ( 1)
ship to first name        Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_First       15
ship to middle name       Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Middle      15  ( 2)
ship to last name         Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Last        15
ship to name suffix       Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Suffix       4  ( 3)
ship to company name      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Company          20
ship to street line1      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line1     20  ( 4)
ship to street line2      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line2     20  ( 4)
ship to street line3      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line3     20  ( 4)
ship to city              Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_City             22
ship to state/province    Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_StateProv         2  ( 5)
ship to zip/postal code   Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_PostalCode       14  ( 6)
ship to country           Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_CountryCode       2  ( 7)
ship to phone             Ecom_ShipTo_Telecom_Phone_Number    10  ( 8)
ship to email             Ecom_ShipTo_Online_Email            40  ( 9)

bill to title             Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Prefix       4  ( 1)
bill to first name        Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_First       15
bill to middle name       Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Middle      15  ( 2)
bill to last name         Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Last        15
bill to name suffix       Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Suffix       4  ( 3)
bill to company name      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Company          20
bill to street line1      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line1     20  ( 4)
bill to street line2      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line2     20  ( 4)
bill to street line3      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line3     20  ( 4)
bill to city              Ecom_BillTo_Postal_City             22
bill to state/province    Ecom_BillTo_Postal_StateProv         2  ( 5)
bill to zip/postal code   Ecom_BillTo_Postal_PostalCode       14  ( 6)
bill to country           Ecom_BillTo_Postal_CountryCode       2  ( 7)
bill to phone             Ecom_BillTo_Telecom_Phone_Number    10  ( 8)
bill to email             Ecom_BillTo_Online_Email            40  ( 9)

receipt to                                                        (32)
receipt to title          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Prefix    4  ( 1)
receipt to first name     Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_First    15
receipt to middle name    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Middle   15  ( 2)
receipt to last name      Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Last     15
receipt to name suffix    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Suffix    4  ( 3)
receipt to company name   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Company       20
receipt to street line1   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line1  20  ( 4)
receipt to street line2   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line2  20  ( 4)
receipt to street line3   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line3  20  ( 4)
receipt to city           Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_City          22
receipt to state/province Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_StateProv      2  ( 5)
receipt to postal code    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_PostalCode    14  ( 6)
receipt to country        Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_CountryCode    2  ( 7)
receipt to phone          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Telecom_Phone_Number 10  ( 8)
receipt to email          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Online_Email         40  ( 9)

name on card Ecom_Payment_Card_Name 30 (10)

card type                 Ecom_Payment_Card_Type               4  (11)
card number               Ecom_Payment_Card_Number            19  (12)
card verification value   Ecom_Payment_Card_Verification       4  (13)
card expire date day      Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Day        2  (14)
card expire date month    Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Month      2  (15)
card expire date year     Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Year       4  (16)

card protocols Ecom_Payment_Card_Protocol 20 (17)

consumer order ID Ecom_ConsumerOrderID 20 (18)

user ID Ecom_User_ID 40 (19)

user password Ecom_User_Password 20 (19)

schema version Ecom_SchemaVersion 30 (20)

wallet id Ecom_WalletID 40 (21)

end transaction flag Ecom_TransactionComplete - (22)

The following fields are used to communicate from the merchant to the


   FIELD                       NAME                         Min  Notes

merchant home domain      Ecom_Merchant                      128  (23)
processor home domain     Ecom_Processor                     128  (24)
transaction identifier    Ecom_Transaction_ID                128  (25)
transaction URL inquiry   Ecom_Transaction_Inquiry           500  (26)
transaction amount        Ecom_Transaction_Amount            128  (27)
transaction currency      Ecom_Transaction_CurrencyCode        3  (28)
transaction date          Ecom_Transaction_Date               80  (29)
transaction type          Ecom_Transaction_Type               40  (30)
transaction signature     Ecom_Transaction_Signature         160  (31)

end transaction flag Ecom_TransactionComplete - (22)

   FIELD                       NAME                         Min  Notes

IMPORTANT NOTE: "MIN" in the table above is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO

ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY. It is NOT the minimum size for valid contents of the field and merchant software should, in most cases, be prepared to receive a longer or shorter value. Merchant dealing with areas where, for example, the state/province name or phone number is longer than the "Min" given below must obviously permit longer data entry. In some cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes sense and this is documented in a Note for the field.

2.1.2 Field Foot Notes

   ( 1) For example: Mr., Mrs., Ms., Dr.  This field is commonly not

( 2) May also be used for middle initial.

   ( 3) For example: Ph.D., Jr. (Junior), 3rd, Esq. (Esquire).  This
   field is commonly not used.

( 4) Address lines must be filled in the order line1, then line2, and last line3.

( 5) 2 characters are the minimum for the US and Canada, other countries may require longer fields. For the US use 2 character US Postal state abbreviation.

( 6) Minimum field lengths for Postal Code will vary based on international market served. Use 5 character or 5+4 ZIP for the US and 6 character postal code for Canada. The size given, 14, is believed to be the maximum required anywhere in the world.

   ( 7) Use [ISO 3166] standard two letter codes.  See
   <> for country

( 8) 10 digits are the minimum for numbers local to the North American Numbering Plan (<>: US, Canada and a number of smaller Caribbean and Pacific nations (but not Cuba)), other countries may require longer fields. Telephone numbers are complicated by differing international access codes, variant punctuation of area/city codes within countries, confusion caused by the fact that the international access code in the NANP region is usually the same as the "country code" for that area (1), etc. It will probably be necessary to use heuristics or human examination based on the telephone number and addresses given to figure out how to actually call a customer. It is recommend that an "x" be placed before extension numbers.

   ( 9) For example:

(10) The name of the cardholder.

(11) Use the first 4 letters of the association name:

            AMER   American Express
            BANK   Bankcard (Australia)
            DC     DC (Japan)
            DINE   Diners Club
            DISC   Discover
            JCB    JCB
            MAST   Mastercard
            NIKO   Nikos (Japan)
            SAIS   Saison (Japan)
            UC     UC (Japan)
            UCAR   UCard (Taiwan)
            VISA   Visa

(12) Includes the check digit at end but no spaces or hyphens [ISO 7812]. The Min given, 19, is the longest number permitted under the ISO standard.

(13) An additional cardholder verification number printed on the card (but not embossed or recorded on the magnetic stripe) such as American Express' CIV, MasterCard's CVC2, and Visa's CVV2 values.

(14) The day of the month. Values: 1-31. A leading zero is ignored so, for example, 07 is valid for the seventh day of the month.

(15) The month of the year. Jan - 1, Feb - 2, March - 3, etc.; Values: 1-12. A leading zero is ignored so, for example, 07 is valid for July.

   (16) The value in the wallet cell is always four digits, e.g., 1999,
   2000, 2001, ...

(17) A space separated list of protocols available in connection with the specified card. Initial list of case insensitive tokens:


"Set" indicates usable with SET protocol (i.e., is in a SET wallet) but does not have a SET certificate. "Setcert" indicates same but does have a set certificate. "iotp" indicates the IOTP protocol [RFC 2801] is supported at the customer. "echeck" indicates that the eCheck protocol [eCheck] is supported at the customer. "simcard" indicates use the transaction instrument built into a Cellphone subscriber for identification. "phoneid" indicates use the transaction instrument of a phone bill instrument. "None" indicates that automatic field fill is operating but there is no SET wallet or the card is not entered in any SET wallet.

(18) A unique order ID generated by the consumer software.

(19) The user ID and password fields are used in cases where the user has a pre-established account with the merchant.

(20) URI indicating version of this set of fields. Usually a hidden field. Equal to "" for this version.

(21) A string to identify the source and version of the form fill software that is acting on behalf of the user. Should contain company and/or product name and version. Example "Wallets Inc., SuperFill, v42.7". Usually a hidden field.

(22) A flag to indicate that this web-page/aggregate is the final one for this transaction. Usually a hidden field.

(23) Merchant domain name such as www.merchant.example. This is usually a hidden field.

(24) Gateway transaction processor who is actually accepting the payment on behalf of the merchant in home domain such as www.processor.example. This is usually a hidden field.

(25) A Transaction identification string whose format is specific to the processor. This is usually a hidden field.

(26) A URL that can be invoke to inquire about the transaction. This is usually a hidden field.

(27) The amount of the transaction in ISO currency format. This is two integer numbers with a period in between but no other currency marks (such as a $ dollar sign). This is usually a hidden field.

(28) This is the three letter ISO currency code. For example, for US dollars it is USD. This is usually a hidden field.

(29) ISO Transaction date. This is usually a hidden field.

(30) The type of the transaction (either debit or credit) if known. This is usually a hidden field.

(31) The signature of the encoded certificate. This is usually a hidden field.

(32) The Receipt To fields are used when the Bill To entity, location, or address and the Receipto entity, location, or address are different. For example, when using some forms of Corporate Purchasing Cards or Agent Purchasing Cards, the individual card holder would be in the Receipt To fields and the corporate or other owner would be in the Bill To fields.

2.2 Use in HTML

The normal use of ECML in HTML is as a form with input field names identical to those given in section 2.1 above. In general, <INPUT> tags with type text, hidden, and password must be supported as must <SELECT> tags.

Internationalization in HTML is limited. The information available with the HTML form Method as to character set and language SHOULD be used.

2.3 An ECML 1.1 XML DTD

Below is an XML DTD that can be used for the XML encoding of ECML v1.1 Fields.

For internationalization of [XML] ECML, use the general XML character encoding provisions, which mandate support of UTF-8 and UTF-16 and permit support of other character sets, and the xml:lang attribute which may be used to specify language information.

   <!-- Electronic Commerce Modeling Language 1.1 -->
   <!ELEMENT Ecom ( #PCDATA | ShipTo | BillTo | ReceiptTo | Payment |
                    User | Transaction | TransactionComplete )* >
   <!ATTLIST Ecom
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             ConsumerOrderID CDATA #IMPLIED
             Merchant  CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Processor CDATA      #IMPLIED
             SchemaVersion ( "" |
                             "" )
             WalletID  CDATA      #IMPLIED >

<!ELEMENT ShipTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* > <!ATTLIST ShipTo

             id        ID         #IMPLIED >

<!ELEMENT BillTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* > <!ATTLIST BillTo

             id        ID         #IMPLIED >

<!ELEMENT ReceiptTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* > <!ATTLIST ReceiptTo

             id        ID         #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT Postal ( #PCDATA | Name | Company |
                                Street | City | StateProv )* >
   <!ATTLIST Postal
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             PostalCode NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             CountryCode NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >


             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Prefix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             First     NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Middle    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Last      NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Suffix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED >

<!ATTLIST Street

             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Line1     CDATA      #REQUIRED
             Line2     CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Line3     CDATA      #IMPLIED >




<!ELEMENT Telecom ( #PCDATA | Phone )* >


             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Number     CDATA     #REQUIRED >

<!ELEMENT Online ( #PCDATA | Email )* >


             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Address    CDATA     #REQUIRED >
   <!ELEMENT Payment Card>

<!ELEMENT Card ExpDate >

             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Name        CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Number      NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Protocols   NMTOKENS  #IMPLIED
             Verification NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >


             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

<!ELEMENT User ( #PCDATA | UserID | Password )* > <!ATTLIST User

             id          ID        #IMPLIED >


<!ELEMENT Password #PCDATA >

   <!ELEMENT Transaction ( #PCDATA | TransactionID | Inquiry |
                           TransDate | Signature )* >
   <!ATTLIST Transaction
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Amount      CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Currency    NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >
   <!ELEMENT TransactionComplete EMPTY>

3. Using The Fields

To conform to this document, the field names must be structured and named as close to the structure and naming listed in Section 2 above as permitted by the transaction protocol in use. Note: this does not impose any restriction on the user visible labeling of fields, just on their names as used in communication.

3.1 Presentation of the Fields

There is no necessary implication as to the order or manner of presentation. Some merchants may wish to ask for more information, some less by omitting fields. Some merchants may ask for the information they want in one interaction or web page, others may ask for parts of the information at different times in multiple interactions or different web pages. For example, it is common to ask for "ship to" information earlier, so shipping cost can be computed, before the payment method information. Some merchants may require that all the information they request be provided while other make much information optional. Etc.

There is no way with Version 1.0 or 1.1 of ECML to indicate what fields the merchant considers mandatory. From the point of view of customer software, all fields are optional to complete. However, the merchant may give an error or re-present a request for information if some field it requires is not completed, just as it may if a field is completed in a manner it considers erroneous.

It is entirely up to the merchant when and which, if any, of the merchant to consumer fields it presents.

3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields

There are a variety of methods of communication possible between the customer and the merchant by which the merchant can indicate what fields they want that the consumer can provide. Probably the easiest to use for currently deployed software is as fields in an [HTML] form (see section 2.2). Other possibilities are to use the IOTP Authenticate transaction [RFC 2801], an [XML] exchange, or proprietary protocols.

User action or the appearance of the Ecom_SchemaVersion field are examples of triggers that could be used to initiate a facility capable of filling in fields. Because some wallets may require user activation, there should be at least one user visible Ecom field on every page with any Ecom fields present that are to be filled in. It is also REQUIRED that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field, which is usually a hidden field, be included on every web page that has any Ecom fields.

Because web pages can load very slowly, it may not be clear to an automated field fill-in function when it is finished filling in fields on a web page. For this reason, it is recommended that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field be the last Ecom field on a web page.

Merchant requests for information can extend over several interactions or web pages. Without further provision, a facility could either require re-starting on each page or possibly violate or appear to violate privacy by continuing to fill in fields for pages beyond with end of the transaction with a particular merchant. For this reason the Ecom_TransactionComplete field, which is normally hidden, is provided. It is recommended that it appear on the last interaction or web page involved in a transaction, just before an Ecom_SchemaVersion field, so that multi-web-page automated field fill in logic could know when to stop if it chooses to check for this field.

3.3 HTML Example

An example HTML form might be as follows:

<title> eCom Fields Example </title>
 <FORM action="" method="POST">
Please enter card information:
<p>Your name on the card

  <INPUT type="text" name="Ecom_Payment_Card_Name" SIZE=40>
<br>The card number
  <INPUT type="text" name="Ecom_Payment_Card_Number" SIZE=19>
<br>Expiration date (MM YY)
  <INPUT type="text" name="Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Month" SIZE=2>
  <INPUT type="text" name="Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Year" SIZE=4>
  <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Payment_Card_Protocol">
  <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_SchemaVersion"
 <INPUT type="submit" value="submit"> <INPUT type="reset">

After all of the pages are submitted, the merchant will reply with a confirmation page informing both the user and the wallet that the transaction is complete.

<title> eCom Transaction Complete Example </title>
Thank you for your order.  It will be shipped in several days.
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Merchant" value="www.merchant.example">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name ="Ecom_Processor"
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_ID" value="EF123456">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Inquiry"
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Amount" value="789.00">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Currency" value="USD">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Date" value="July 14 2000">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Type" value="credit">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_Transaction_Signature"
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_TransactionComplete">
 <INPUT type="hidden" name="Ecom_SchemaVersion"

4. Security and Privacy Considerations

The information called for by many of these fields is sensitive and should be secured if being sent over the public Internet or through other channels where it can be observed. Mechanisms for such protection are not specified herein but channel encryption such as TLS/SSL [RFC 2246] or IPSec [RFC 2411] would be appropriate in many cases.

User control over release of such information is needed to protect the user's privacy.

A wallet that is installed on a shared or public terminal should be configurable such that the ECML memory of address and other contact information is fully disabled. This is vital to protect the privacy of library patrons, students, and customers using public terminals, and children who might, for example, use a form on a public terminal without realizing that their information is being stored.

When contact information is stored, the operator should have an option to protect the information with a password, without which the information might be unavailable, even to someone who has access to the file(s) in which it is being stored. This would also allow for a convenient method for multiple people to use their own ECML information from the same browser.

Any multi-web-page or other multi-aggregate field fill in or data provision mechanism should check for the Ecom_TransactionComplete field and cease automated fill when it is encountered until fill is further authorized.


   [eCheck]   <>
   [HTML]     HTML 3.2 Reference Specification
              <>, D. Raggett,
              January 1997.
   [IANA]     Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Official Names for
              Character Sets, ed. Keld Simonsen et al.

[ISO 3166] Codes for the representation of names of countries,


[ISO 7812] "Identification card - Identification of issuers - Part 1:

Numbering system".

   [RFC 1766] Alvestrand, H., "Tags for the Identification of
              Languages", BCP 47, RFC 3066, January 2001.
   [RFC 2026] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
              3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.
   [RFC 2246] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol: Version 1.0",
              RFC 2246, January 1999.

[RFC 2411] Thayer, R., Doraswany, N. and R. Glenn, "IP Security:

Document Roadmap", RFC 2411, November 1998.

   [RFC 2706] Eastlake, D. and T. Goldstein, "ECML v1: Field Names for
              E-Commerce", RFC 2706, September 1999.
   [RFC 2801] Burdett, D., "Internet Open Trading Protocol - IOTP
              Version 1.0", RFC 2801, April 2000.
   [SET]      Secure Electronic Transaction,
   [XML]      Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition),
              <>, T. Bray, J. Paoli, C. M.
              Sperberg-McQueen, E. Maler.

Appendix: Changes from ECML 1.0

ECML 1.0 is documented in [RFC 2706].

(1) Fields added for consumer to merchant transmission as listed below. * indicated multiple values. Adding fields is a backward compatible change.


(2) Change Ecom_SchemaVersion field value to "".

(3) Addition of XML DTD.

(4) Add "iotp", "echeck", "simcard", and "phoneid" as allowed tokens in Ecom_Payment_Card_Protocol.

(5) Specify that a leading zero is permitted in day and month number fields.

(6) Change "Security Considerations" section to "Security and Privacy Considerations" and add material.

(7) Add internationalization material to HTML and XML subsections of Section 2.

(8) Enumerate HTML form elements that must be supported (Section 2.2) including SELECT.

(9) Add more credit card brand codes.

(10) Add fields for merchant to consumer transmissions as follows:


Authors' Addresses

Donald E. Eastlake, 3rd
Motorola, M2-450
20 Cabot Boulevard
Mansfield, MA 02048

   Phone:  +1-508-261-5434
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   Ted Goldstein
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