A. B. Roach
Support for IPv6 in Session Description Protocol (SDP)
Status of this Memo
This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
Copyright © The Internet Society (2002). All Rights Reserved.
This document describes the use of Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) addresses in conjunction with the Session Description Protocol (SDP). Specifically, this document clarifies existing text in SDP with regards to the syntax of IPv6 addresses.
SDP is intended for describing multimedia sessions for the purposes of session announcement, session invitation, and other forms of multimedia session initiation. It is a text format description that provides many details of a multimedia session including: the originator of the session, a URL related to the session, the connection address for the session media(s), and optional attributes for the session media(s). Each of these pieces of information may involve one or more IPv6 addresses. The ABNF for IP addresses in SDP currently leaves the syntax for IPv6 addresses undefined. This document attempts to complete the ABNF to include IPv6 addresses.
Accordingly, the address type "IP6" indicating an IPv6 address, should be allowed in the connection field, "c=", of the SDP. The ABNF already reflects this, though the "Connection Data" text under section 6 of RFC 2328 currently only defines the "IP4" address type.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 .
RFC 2373  gives an ABNF for the text representation of IPv6 addresses in Appendix B. RFC 2732  covers the text representation of IPv6 addresses when used within a URL. Using the ABNF described in these documents, the following updated ABNF for SDP is proposed.
uri = ; defined in RFC1630 and RFC2732 multicast-address = IP4-multicast / IP6-multicast IP4-multicast = m1 3*( "." decimal-uchar ) "/" ttl [ "/" integer ] ; IPv4 multicast addresses may be in the ; range 18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124 m1 = ("22" ("4"/"5"/"6"/"7"/"8"/"9")) / ("23" DIGIT )) IP6-multicast = hexpart ; IPv6 address starting with FF addr = FQDN / unicast-address FQDN = 4*(alpha-numeric/"-"/".") ; fully qualified domain name as specified ; in RFC1035 unicast-address = IP4-address / IP6-address IP4-address = b1 3*("." decimal-uchar) / "0.0.0.0" b1 = decimal-uchar ; less than "224"; not "0" or "127" ; The following is from RFC2373 Appendix B. It is a direct copy. IP6-address = hexpart [ ":" IP4-address ] hexpart = hexseq / hexseq "::" [ hexseq ] / "::" [ hexseq ] hexseq = hex4 *( ":" hex4) hex4 = 1*4HEXDIG
4. Example SDP description with IPv6 addresses
The following is an example SDP description using the above ABNF for IPv6 addresses. In particular, the origin and connection fields contain IPv6 addresses.
v=0 o=nasa1 971731711378798081 0 IN IP6 2201:056D::112E:144A:1E24 s=(Almost) live video feed from Mars-II satellite p=+1 713 555 1234 c=IN IP6 FF1E:03AD::7F2E:172A:1E24 t=3338481189 3370017201 m=audio 6000 RTP/AVP 2 a=rtpmap:2 G726-32/8000 m=video 6024 RTP/AVP 107 a=rtpmap:107 H263-1998/90000
5. Note for implementors
An implementation may receive an SDP session description with an IPv6 address whose format  is internally that of an IPv4 mapped address. Note that such an address is actually the address of an IPv4-only node, and implementors are warned to interpret IPv4 mapped addresses as equivalent to IP4.
6. IANA Considerations
This document updates the definition of the IP6 addrtype parameter found in RFC 2327.
7. Security Considerations
No additional considerations above what is stated in section 7 of RFC 2327.
 Hinden, R. and S. Deering, "IP Version 6 Addressing Architecture", RFC 2373, July 1998.  Handley, M. and V. Jacobson, "SDP: Session Description Protocol", RFC 2327, April 1998.  Hinden, R., Carpenter, B. and L. Masinter, "Format for Literal IPv6 Addresses in URL's", RFC 2732, December 1999.  Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", RFC 2234, November 1997.  Bradner, S., "Key words for Use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
9. Authors' Addresses
One Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA 98052
Advanced Signalling Research Lab.
Phone: +358 9 299 3371 Fax: +358 9 299 3118 EMail: Gonzalo.Camarillo@ericsson.com
5100 Tennyson Parkway
Plano, TX 75024
EMail: firstname.lastname@example.org Voice: <sip:email@example.com>
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